Two different types of mosses [and a lichen, in the smallest box] surround this tree trunk.
Moss Life Cycle In some mosses, e.g. Ulota phyllantha, green vegetative structures called gemmae are produced on leaves or branches, which can break off and form new plants without the need to go through the cycle of fertilization. This is a means of asexual reproduction, and the genetically identical units can lead to the formation of clonal populations.
Very interesting moss formations can be seen when visiting the Hinterland on the Gold Coast. Sheltered from direct sunlight beneath the forest canopy a great variety of mosses thrive.
Bush walkers can navigate the compass by looking at moss – just remember if you are visiting from the Northern Hemisphere – moss grows on the Southern aspect of tree trunks here.